LGBT people face discrimination because of social attitudes. Unfortunately, these attitudes are often taught by churches and, sadly, the Bible is
frequently used as a weapon to “bash” lesbians and gays. It is important to remember that such hurtful things are not a reflection of Christ, or the way God wants the church to be, or even what the
Only a small number of passages in the entire Bible refer to same-sex sexual activity (in just six out of sixty-six books of the whole Bible). Only one relates to women! Obviously this
topic was not of great concern to the biblical writers.
What are these passages?
The passage that is most famously mis-used is the story of Sodom and Gomorrah (Genesis chapter 19).
Two angels, disguised as visitors, visit the city
of Sodom, to find Lot, a Jewish inhabitant of the city. The men of Sodom want to ‘know’ (yadah
- a Hebrew word that can mean sexual intercourse) the foreigners who have come to
Lot’s house. In essence they want to rape
them in order to show their social and cultural dominance over them – a pattern of sexual behaviour that was common at that
This story is not a condemnation of homosexuality, but is a story about rape and inhospitality. In other biblical texts (Ezekiel 16:49, Luke 17:28-29) Sodom’s ‘sin’ is not identified as
homosexuality, rather, the sins were pride, failure to help the poor, and lack of hospitality to foreigners. Hospitality was a very important part of this culture and the men of Sodom violated this
Another Old Testament passage that is frequently misunderstood is from the Book of Leviticus.
Leviticus is a book of laws and is still observed today by Orthodox
You shall not lie with a male as with a woman; it is an abomination.
( Lev. 18:22)
If a man lies with a male as with a woman, both of them have committed an abomination; they shall be put to death; their blood is upon them.
There are two important things to remember when reading these quotations:
1. Leviticus is a law book, written hundreds of years ago. Christians who quote these two laws do not generally follow the rest of the laws in Leviticus – such as not cutting men’s hair, not eating
shellfish or wearing clothes made of mixed fibres! The laws were written to help the people of Israel keep themselves pure and separate from surrounding cultures. Showing dominance over other Jewish
men by having sex with them was one of the practices to be avoided.
2. This is not the description of a loving, same-sex relationship as we know it today.
What about in the New Testament?
The apostle Paul wrote letters to the new Christian communities that began to develop around the Mediterranean after Jesus’ death and resurrection. In these letters, Paul is often giving advice
to these new Christians, especially encouraging them to live in a new way, which is different from the cultures and customs around them.
In some of these places, it may have been that men would have sex with shrine prostitutes as part of their pagan worship. In Greek culture, it was common for an older man to take an interest in
a younger boy, to socialize and educate them. These relationships were also sometimes sexual in nature.
So do you not know that wrongdoers will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived! Fornicators, idolaters, adulterers, male prostitutes, sodomites, thieves, the greedy, drunkards,
revilers, robbers—none of these will inherit the kingdom of God
(1 Corinthians 6:9-10).
The law is laid down not for the innocent but for the lawless and disobedient, for the godless and sinful, for the unholy and profane, for those who kill their father or mother, for murderers,
fornicators, sodomites, slave traders, liars, perjurers, and whatever else is contrary to the sound teaching that conforms to the glorious gospel of the blessed God
A comparison of these verses in several translations of the Bible indicates that there is some confusion about how to translate two Greek words in these lists of vices Paul has listed. The two
words are arsenokoitai
which is described in various translations as “homosexuals,” “sodomites,” “child molesters,” or “perverts”; and malakoi
used in various translations as “catamites,” “the effeminate,” or “boy prostitutes.”
These Greek words are difficult to translate in the context of these passages. Malakoi
is a common term and means “soft.” It can refer to clothing (as in Matthew 11:8) or
moral matters, meaning “undisciplined.”
is a rare word and is made up of arseno
meaning “man,” and koitai
meaning “bed, lying, or having sex with.” When put
together the word may mean “male prostitutes.”
The reality is that no-one really
knows what behaviour Paul was describing in his letters.
The only passage that seems to mention passion between women!
For this reason God gave them up to degrading passions. Their women exchanged natural intercourse for unnatural, and in the same way also the men, giving up natural intercourse with women, were
consumed with passion for one another. Men committed shameless acts with men and received in their own persons the due penalty for their error.
(Romans 1: 26-27)
Again, Paul’s meaning here is uncertain. The Revised Standard Version of the Bible, published by Oxford University Press, suggests that Paul was condemning excessive sexuality activity, rather sexual
orientation. Other scholars see this as part of trying to keep the new Christians separate from the cultures and practices around them at the time.
Again, we don’t really know what Paul was trying to say.
Did Jesus ever say anything about being lesbian or gay?
No he didn’t – although he did talk a lot about love, about justice and about not condemning others!
Read More. (MCC Brighton is not responsible for the content of external links)
Resources from MCC Manchester on LGBT people
and the Bible:
Rev. Mona West Coming Out as
Rev. Charles Garrison In The
Beginning...A Transgender Bible Study
Rev. Elder Nancy Wilson Our Story Too...reading the
Bible with "New Eyes"
Rev. Mona West The Bible and
Jeremy Marks Same-sex Relationships and Scripture
James Alison Unbinding the Gay Conscience
Rev. Mel White What the Bible Says - and doesn't say-about